India Ist भारत नव निर्माण

लोकतंत्र समीक्षा

वैशाली
निर्माण

संयोजक

12 जनवरी 2019 से 26 जनवरी 2019

भारत नव निर्माण


^^fopkjksa ls cM+k D;k gks ldrk gS \ gekjh lksp ls cM+k D;k gks ldrk gS \ gekjs /;ku ls cM+k D;k gks ldrk gS \ gekjs mn~ns';ksa ls cM+k D;k gks ldrk gS \ gekjs vkn'kksZa ls cM+k D;k gks ldrk gS \ gekjh mM+kuksa ls cM+k D;k gks ldrk gS \ D;k mUeqDr xxu esa mM+us ds fy, ia[k t:jh gS \ D;k tehu ij pyus ds fy, lgkjs dh t:jr gS \ vkf[kj gesa D;k&D;k t:jr gS \ ;s dkSu crk;sxk] bl jaxHkwfe ij \**

vki lHkh dk Hkkjr uo fuekZ.k esa Lokxr~ djrk gw¡A vkidk ekxZn'kZu gh Hkkjr uo fuekZ.k fotu 2020 gSA Hkkjr uo fuekZ.k ,d lksp gS] fopkj gS] le> gS] mRFkku gS------------ xk¡o] iapk;r] iz[k.M] vuqe.My] uxj] ftyk] ize.My] jkT; rc jk"Vª fuekZ.k ds lkFk lekt fuekZ.k gSA eSaus tks eglwl fd;k] mlh dks O;Dr dj jgk gwWA vki lHkh ds lg;ksx ls vius tUeHkwfe] deZHkwfe ,oa jk"V~Hkwfe ds fy, dqN djus dh bPNk tks yacs le; ls jgh gS mls vc /kjkry ij nks dne c<+kus dk le; vk x;k gSA

Jh jke us y{e.k ls dgk Fkk &^^vfi Lo.kZe;h yadk u jkspus y{e.k%A Tkuuh tUeHkwfe'p LoxkZnfi xjh;flAA**

vFkkZr~ gs y{e.k eq>s lksus dh yadk vPNh ugha yxrh gS ekrk vkSj ekr`Hkwfe LoxZ ls Hkh c<+dj gSaA

dgus dks rks lkjh rkdr fo/kkf;dk] dk;Zikfydk ,oa U;k;ikfydk esa fufgr gS] ijarq ;FkkFkZ esa dk;Zikfydk esa gh iwjk lafo/kku fufgr gSA laln ;kfu yksdlHkk esa cSBs lkalnksa ij gh iwjs ns'k dh fuxkgsa fVdh gqbZ jgrh gSA ysfdu vktknh ds brus lkyksa ckn Hkh ge bu eqn~nksa ij >xM+us dks rS;kj gksrs gaS fd lafo/kku fuekZrk dkSu Fks] ijarq vke vkneh ds fy, cgqr gh de cgl dh txg jg xbZ gS gekjs laln esaA vxj gekjk lafo/kku iw.kZr% lgh gh gS rks vkt rd gq, la'kks/kuksa ls gekjs fuekZrkvksa dk vieku gh ekuk tkuk pkfg,A vxj ugha rks ;s le; ds lkFk cnyko dh vko';drk ekax gh gS rks gekjs lafo/kku esa iw.kZr% cnyko gksuh gh pkfg, ;kfu lafo/kku esa la'kks/ku ugha iw.kZr% cnyus dh ckr Hkh j[kh tk ldrh gSA vc le; vk x;k gS fd gekjs laln esa cSBs lkaln ns'k dh turk ds fglkc ls lafo/kku cuk;s vkSj la'kks/ku djsa ;k iw.kZ lafo/kku cnyus ij fopkj djsaA lafo/kku ls ns'k pyrk gS uk fd lkaln ,oa tuizfrfuf/k;ksa lsA gekjs ns'k ds lapkyd ;s le> cSBs gS fd lapkyu dk vk/kkj gekjs esa gh fufgr gSA vke vkneh ds lksp ,oa mldh fopkjksa ls mudk dksbZ okLrk ugha gksrk gSaA vktknh ds 70 osa lky esa Hkh ge xqyke gaS] ns'k ds Hkz"Vkpkjh lekt ls] jktusrkvksa ls] Hkz"V iztk ikydksa ls] ix&ix ij] ul&ul esa vR;kpkj Hkjk iM+k gSA lafo/kku iwjs fo'o ls ysdj cukus dk mn~ns'; ;g Fkk fd rRdkyhu ifjos'k esa ns'k dks lapkyu dk ewy vk/kkj fey ldsA ysfdu ifjorZu ;k la'kks/ku dh cgqr lkjh ;k ;w¡ dgk tk;s rks yxHkx lafo/kku gh cnyuk vc t:jh eglwl gks jgk gSA ckj&ckj ckrsa vkrh gS fd cnyko gks] lRrk ifjorZu gsk] gj rjhds ds gFkd.Ms viuk;s tkrs gS Hkkjrh; jktuhfr esa] ftlls uqdlku flQZ ns'kokfl;ksa dks gS tks iw¡thifr ugha gSaA

;gh ij Mk0 txUukFk feJ (iwoZ eq[;ea=h] fcgkj) th fd iafDr ls cgqr lkjh ckrsa Li"V gks tkrh gS fd &

^^lafo/kku dh ea'kk ;gha Fkh fd ljdkjh izfdz;k lkekftd&vkfFkZd vlekurkvksa ds mRrjksRrj ?kVkus jgus okyh gksA laoS/kkfud vkSj dkuwu pykus okyh ,tsafl;k¡ ftUgsa gkfl;s ds leqnk;ksa ds vf/kdkjksa dks lqj{kk iznku djus dk nkf;Ro lkSaik x;k] ;Fks"B lgk;rk iznku djus esa vlQy jgha gSA**

xr o"kksZa esa ppkZ dk fo"k; jgk gS Hkkjrh; jktuhfrA vkf[kj Hkkjrh; jktuhfr esa okdbZ ,slh dkSu lh [kkl ckrsa gS ftlij 2011 ls fo'kky ppkZ py iM+hA fiNys ik¡p n'kdksa esa tUe fy;s yksxksa esa lcls cM+k vkanksyu vUuk vkanksyu gh ns[kk gksxkA mlh le; ls ,d ubZ dok;r 'kq: gqbZ vkSj tUe gqvk ubZ lkekftd Lo:Ik dkA vkf[kj yksxksa dk xqCckj 42 lkyksa ckn fQj QwVkA uo;qodksa }kjk ts-ih- vkanksyu dks lQy cuk;k x;kA ifjorZu rks gqvk] ysfdu iFk ogh jgk tks yxkrkj lfn;ksa ls pyh vk jgh gSA vkt gj O;fDr ifjorZu pkgrk gS] dksbZ [kq'k ugha gS] pkgsa oks bl ns'k ds egkefge jk"Vªifr gks] iz/kkuea=h gks] eq[;ea=h gks ;k gks ,d iapk;r ds eqf[k;kA tuizfrfuf/k;ksa esa gh O;fDrxr Lora=rk ,oa dRrZO;fu"Bk dh deh gSA gj dksbZ ,d nwljs ij gh nks"kkjksi.k esa O;Lr gS] rks vkf[kj dSls cusxk Hkkjr fodflr jk"Vª\ ftl jk"Vª dks xkSjoiw.kZ yksdra= dh LFkkiuk dk tud ekuk tkrk gS mls ge vkt cpkus esa vlgt eglwl dj jgs gSA bl ns'k esa lafo/kku dh bruh 'kk[kk,¡ gS ftldh fxurh vPNs&vPNs tkudkjksa ds fy, Hkh eqf'dy gSaA bl o"kZ ge lHkh vktknh dk 70 ok¡ fnol eku;sxsa] ijarq vkt rd ge lHkh ,d uk gks lds gaSA vktknh ds 70 lky ckn Hkh gekjs ns'k ds jktusrk ;g ugha dg ldrs fd geus ,d {ks= dks fodflr dj fn;kA bl ns'k ds gj vPNs cqjs dke ds fy, flQZ jktusrk gh ftEesokj gS vkSj dksbZ ughaA ns'k ds lapkyu dh ftEesokjh bu usrkvksa us [kqn gh vius ikl j[k yh gSA vktknh ij jkst cgl py jgh gS jk"Vªh; pSuyksa ij fnu izfrfnu ;gh jkx gSA gj dksbZ cksyus dh Lora=rk dks gh Lora= ekurs gaSA gekjh vktknh dks dkxtksa rd gh lhfer j[kk x;k gS vkSj vius gks'k laHkkyus ls ysdj vkt rd tks jktuhfr geus ns[kk oks cgqr gh nq%[kn gS] lkFk gh d"V dj HkhA

dfo ukxktqZu us dgk gS&

^^mij &mij ih tkrs gSa tks ihusokys gSaA
dgrs gSa ,sls txrh esa tks thus okys gSaAA**

lokyksa ls f?kjh ;s ftanxh] gesa mUeqDr xxu esa mM+us ls jksdrh gSA gj dksbZ tUe fy;k gS] cpiu fcrk;s gaS] cM+s gksus ds lkFk&lkFk reke rfjdkas ds vuqHko feys gksxsa ,oa jkst feyrs jgrs gaSA gj dksbZ lqcg mBdj viuh vPNh lqcg dh dkeuk djrk gS] ysfdu viuksa ds pDdj esa ge fdruksa ds psgjs ls tkus&vutkus [kqf'k;kW fNu ysrs gSaA bldk vuqHko djuk ,oa eglwl djuk gh cM+k dfBu gS] ysfdu dHkh 'kkafr ds nks&iy feys rks t:j ;kn vkrk gS fd geus D;k ik;k vkSj D;k vkSj ik ldrs Fks mldh v/kwjh vkdka{kk eu esa gh jg tkrh gSA fQj Hkh 'kq: ls ftl rjhdksa ls lekt dk fuekZ.k fd;k x;k mlh esa ifjorZu dj le;≤ ij ,d u;k fe'kky rS;kj fd;k tkrk gS tks ,d lq[kn vuqHko ek= gh gksrk gSA vkt tks eSa ckr djus tk jgk gwW oks D;k gS oks rks vkids vkSj gekjs chp dk ,d ,slk laokn tks u;s Hkkjr fuekZ.k esa ,d ubZ Hkkxhnkjh ds lkFk 'kq: gksxhA lekt fuekZ.k dh ftEesokjh fdlh dks fn;k ugha tk ldrk] mls rks vius vki gh ysdj pyuk iM+rk gSA vkt lks'ky fefM;k gh cktkj ds egRo dks ekU;rk nsrh gS ,oa lekt dk :[k cnyus dh iwjh rkdr j[krh gSA ysfdu oks Hkh rc tc lekt esa lfdz;rk dh Hkwfedk fuHkkus dh rkdr fdlh esa gksA gj dksbZ vkxs c<+uk pkgrk gS] ysfdu igys dkSu \ bl pDdj esa cgqr nsj gks tkrh gS vkSj ge oDr ,oa lekt dks nks"kh Bgjk nsrs gSA ysfdu le; dks vius lkFk ysdj Hkkjr uo fuekZ.k dh ckr djsa vkSj izR;sd O;fDr dh Hkwfedk lc feydj lqfuf'pr djsaA

blhfy, rks jk"Vªdfo fnudj th us fy[kk gS fd &

^^[kkuksa dks feyrk nw/k oL=] Hkw[ks ckyd vdqykrs gSa] ek¡ dh gM~Mh ls fpid fBdqj] tkM+s dh jkr fcrkrs gSaA vfLFk dh yTtk clu csap] tc C;kt pqdk, tkrs gS] ekfyd rc rsy Qqysyksa ij] ikuh&lk nzO; cgkrs gSaAA**

cpiu ls ;g ns[krs vk;s gS fd lekt dks fn'kk nsus okyk dksbZ ,d gksrk gS ,oa mlh ds lgkjs lc viuh viuh uS;k ikj yxk ysrs gSA blh dh otg ls vkt rd pan yksxksa }kjk usr`Rofoghu lekt dk Lo:i cuk fn;k x;k gSA bls eglwl djrs gq, gh vkt eSa ^^Hkkjr uo fuekZ.k** ds ek/;e ls viuh ckr j[k jgk gwW] ftls fo}rtuksa }kjk ekxZnf'kZr fd;k x;k gSA vki lHkh ,oa [kkl dj u;s ih<+h ls dguk pkgrk gwW fd tc ge cpiu esa Fks rks tkr&ikr] mWp&uhp] NksVk&cM+k dk dksbZ Hkh Hkko eu esa ugha vk;k gksxkA 'kk;n eSa tgkW ls lksp jgk gwW oks ;FkkFkZ ds djhc ls gh xqtjrh gSA vkt Hkh ubZ ihf<+;ksa esa ;s ckr dgha uk dgha [kyrh gh gS fd ge fdl ;qx esa gS vkSj fdl rjg th;s tk jgs gSA

D;k ,d ,sls Hkkjr dk fuekZ.k ge ugha dj ldrs] tgkW okdbZ esa nks twu dh jksVh ds fy, fdlh dks tw>uk uk iM+s\ fdlh dks nks tksM+h diM+ksa ds fy, uk lkspuk--------------------------------------

dfo Mk0 egs'k jk; dh iafDr pfjrkFkZ gks jgh gS % &

^^tks Hkh Fkh eksVh dqVh vkSj eksVh gks xbZ] tks Hkh Fkh NksVh dqVh vkSj NksVh gks xbZA ckWVus okys dkSu lh yh gS rjktw gkFk esa] ikbZ rks iSlk cuh] /kksrh yxkSVh gks xbZ AA**

vkf[kj vkt rd ,d ,slh iz.kkyh fodflr ugha dh tk ldh ftlls iwjk Hkkjr cM+s vklkuh ls lapkfyr gks ldsA gj vkneh ds ikl Hkj isV Hkkstu] ru wB dh [ksrh esa O;Lr gS vkSj ns'k ds eq[; m|ksxifr fdlkuksa ,oa ;qokvksa dh cfy p<+k jgh gSA bl ns'k dks fdlh Hkh pht dks fons'k ls ykus dh t:jr gh ugha iM+rh vxj fdlkuksa vkSj ;qokvksa dks leqfpr lqfo/kk eqgS;k djk;k tkrkA

“Agriculture is the backbone of the Indian Economy"- said Mahatma Gandhi six decades ago.”

la;qDr ifjokj D;ksa VqV jgsa gS] bl dk dkj.k blh esa gS fd ge lHkh vkt ds Hkkjr dks cuk;s uk fd xqykeh ds yxHkx 1500 o"kksZa dks ysdj ge vkil esa gh yM+saA bl vk;kZorZ ds uk tkus fdrus VqdM+s gks pqds gS vkSj vkt Hkh ge vius ?kj dh cckZnh ds fy, [kqn gh ftEesokj gSA

egkdfo jk"Vªdfo] fo'o dfo] lkfgRdkj iks:"k vkSj ikod] tokuh vkSj [kkuh] mtkZ vkSj meax ds i;kZ; jke/kkjh flag fnudj us dgk gS &

^^lej 'ks"k gS ugha iki dk Hkkxha dsoy O;k/kA
tks rVLFk gS le; fy[ksxk] mldk Hkh vijk/kAA
vkSj Hkh
vU;k; ldgj cSB jguk] ;g egknq"deZ gSA
U;k;kFkZ vius ca/kqvksa dks naM nsuk /keZ gSAA**

bl ns'k esa fdlh Hkh ckrksa] dkeksa ds fy, ftEesokj vkf[kj dkSu\ ;s loky cM+k gksrk tk jgk gS] ns'k esa cM+s ls cM+s inksa ij cSBs yksxksa dks viuh ftEesokjh dk ,sglkl gh ugha gSA tks xyr ns[kdj] vk¡[ksa uk Qsjs] oks le; dc vk;sxk] vkSj dc gekjs fy, bl ns'k dk lafo/kku] iqfyl iz'kklu dk;Z djsxkA lc dqN fl[kk;k tk ldrk gS ijarq fdlh fd Hkkoukvksa dh dnj dSls djsa ;s dkSu fl[kk;sxkA bl Hkkjr ekrk dh dnj dSls djsa oks dkSu fl[kk;sxk\\\\\

blh fuekZ.k dh nwljh dM+h esa Hkkjr uo fuekZ.k csolkbZV o Hkkjr uo fuekZ.k ,si dk fuekZ.k fd;k x;k gSA rkfd ljdkj dh reke ;kstukvksa dks tu&tu rd igq¡pkus esa ge enn dj ik;sA

Hkkjr] fgUnqLrku] vk;kZorZ ds uke ij dksbZ le>kSrk ughaA Hkkjr ds xkSjoe;h bfrgkl dks la;ksx dj j[kus dh] gesa t:jr gS rks flQZ lEeku dhA

vkbZ;s gelc feydj Hkkjr dk u;k fuekZ.k djsa] Hkkjr uo fuekZ.k djsaA

oansekrje~A